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Vineland (Classic, 20th-Century, Penguin)
Thomas Pynchon
Tristes Tropiques
John Weightman, Doreen Weightman, Patrick Wilcken, Claude Lévi-Strauss
Richard III
William Shakespeare
The Dwarf
Alexandra Dick, Pär Lagerkvist
The Collected Poems of Wilfred Owen
Wilfred Owen, Cecil Day-Lewis
Richard Wolin
Giotto to Dürer: Early Renaissance Painting in the National Gallery
Jill Dunkerton, Susan Foister, Dillian Gordon, Nicholas Penny
Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics
Hubert L. Dreyfus, Paul Rabinow
Gravity's Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
A Gravity's Rainbow Companion: Sources and Contexts for Pynchon's Novel
Steven Weisenburger

A History of Italian Fascism

A History of Italian Fascism - Federico Chabod image

Federico Chabod, one of Italy's foremost historians, was a student of the great Gaetano Salvemini (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaetano_Salvemini)

Though an active anti-fascist, he was allowed to teach in Italy during the whole of the fascist period (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico_Chabod). This, in fact, is characteristic. Though Mussolini was a dictator, and the fascist milizia (MVSN) could certainly be brutal -- there is no comparison between the dictatorship in Italy and that in Germany. Where Hitler killed millions -- certainly many tens of thousands of his political opponents --, Mussolini killed scores or hundreds. He simply bullied the rest. (Salvemini, for example, was driven into exile in 1925.) Typical of his is that the Enciclopedia Italiana (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enciclopedia_Italiana), edited by Giovanni Gentile (http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2206409.Giovanni_Gentile), used many anti-fascists, notably the great ancient historian, Gaetano de Sanctis (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaetano_De_Sanctis). And of course, there was Croce: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Critica

Most readers will not find this book to be of much value. It consists of some brief lectures prepared for a French audience and published after Chabod's death in 1960. The translation is not very good. But for those familiar with the topic, there are some excellent insights, and the book is worth a quick read.

I would focus on pages 47-84, and not bother with the rest. At 71ff., there is a fine, brief discussion of Corporativism.