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Vineland (Classic, 20th-Century, Penguin)
Thomas Pynchon
Tristes Tropiques
John Weightman, Doreen Weightman, Patrick Wilcken, Claude Lévi-Strauss
Richard III
William Shakespeare
The Dwarf
Alexandra Dick, Pär Lagerkvist
The Collected Poems of Wilfred Owen
Wilfred Owen, Cecil Day-Lewis
Richard Wolin
Giotto to Dürer: Early Renaissance Painting in the National Gallery
Jill Dunkerton, Susan Foister, Dillian Gordon, Nicholas Penny
Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics
Hubert L. Dreyfus, Paul Rabinow
Gravity's Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
A Gravity's Rainbow Companion: Sources and Contexts for Pynchon's Novel
Steven Weisenburger
Mr. Sammler's Planet - Saul  Bellow, Stanley Crouch Sammler is an important book. Stylistically, it is rich, inventive, original, flawed (of course it is ‘flawed’, it is Bellow…!), full of heart, great lava flows of mood and motion…. Intellectually, it is original, often brilliant, insightful, reactionary, sad, tragic, revolutionary, hopeful.. it is Bellow… a novelist of ideas, as I tried to describe it in my review of Herzog.

But more importantly, Sammler is important because it is Bellow coming into his own. Augie is not Bellow. It was written by somebody else… Somebody in Iowa, maybe. Herzog is Bellow, but uncertain, very flawed (indeed), still immature… but it is New York, urban, late 20th century Bellow in embryo… Seize the Day is a flawless little gem…, but it is just an ‘exercise’, a novella, a conscious attempt by a writer to learn to write, to REALLY write, after all the pretentions of Augie and the missed opportunities of Herzog…. Sammler, by contrast, is Bellow in full Bloom!


It is a wonderful and exuberant book – a book in which absurdity and tragedy is transmuted into… what? Acceptance…? Certainly not into melodrama… and not into comedy… it is, after all…, Bellow.